An Excerpt from Sir Henry Morgan's Will.
Henry Morgan’s will
Entered 14th Sept 1688
This my last will and testament hereby making voy’d disannulling and by me here to fore made and revoking
all and every will and willspublished First I will give and bequeath my soule unto the hands of Allmighty God that gave it firmly believing in and hopeing for a pardon for and remorse in of all my sins through the merritts and mediation of my blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christe
My body I bequeath to the earth to be decently buryed at the discretion of Executrex and Trustees firmly crediting a joyfull resurrection
As to the disposal of what worldly Estate it hath pleased God to bestowe upon mee
I will give and bequeath as followeth Item I will give and bequeath unto my very well and entirely beloved wife Dame Mary Elizabeth Morgan all my real estate lands tenements & hereditaints with the apurtences thereunto belonging (except herein after bequeathed) for and during the term of her natural life with all the proffitts arising therefrom for and toward the payment of my debts without amyother account to be rendred to any person or persons whatsoever And after her decease it is my will and pleasure and I doe will give and bequeath all my lands tenemts and hereditaimts with the appentures (except as before exempted) to Charles Byndloss Esqre decd and the heires male of his boby lawfully to be begotten upon this express condition nevertheless that the said Charles Byndloss and the hieres males of his body doe after and change the name or surname of Byndloss and take upon him and them , the name of Morgan and always goe thereby and for want of such issue I will give and bequeath all my said reall estate lands tenements hereditaments and ( section missing) apurtences ( except as before excepted / to Pollytz Byndloss and the hiers males of his body lawfully ( missing section) Upon this express condition nevertheless that this ( missing section) and the heires males of his body doe alter and change his name in surname of Byndloss and take upon him & them the surname of Morgan and always goe hereby And for want of such issues it is my will and pleasure and I doe hereby will give and bequeath the aforesaid…….tenements and hereditaments and apurtences ( except as before excepted / unto Henry Archbold the son and heir of the present second son of Henry Archbold Esqre and the hieres males of the body of the said second son and the hieres males of this and there bodyes forever lawfully to be begotten upon this (missing word) condition never theless that the said Henry Archbold and the heires males of his body doe after and change and take upon (missing words) them the surname of Morgan and always goe thereby and for want of such issue it is my will and pleasure and ...
(TWO AND A HALF PAGES OMITTED)
Signed and published in the presence of …the within named testator as …last will and testament
Memorandum dated 14 Sept 1688
Transcription taken from the original document housed at the Island Records Office , Registrar's General Dept. of Jamaica
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Letters of Marque granted to Sir Henry Morgan
Sir Thomas Modyford, Baronet, Governour of His Majesty's Island of Jamaica,
Commander-in-Chief of all His Majesties Forces within the said Island and in the Islands adjacent,
Vice-Admiral to His Royal Highness the Duke of York in the American Seas.
To Admiral HenryMorgan, Esq. Greeting.
Whereas the Queen Regent of hath by her Royal Shadula, dated at Madrird the 20th of April, 1669, Commanded her respective Governours in the to publish and make War against our Sovereign Lord the King in these Parts. And Whereas Don Pedro Bayona de Villa Nueva, Captain General of the Province of Paraguay and Governour of the City of St. Jago de Cuba and its Provinces, hath executed the same, and lately in the most hostile and barbarous manner landed his men on the north side of this Island, and entered a small way into the Country, firing all the Houses they came at, killing or taking Prisoners all the Inhabitants they could meet with; and where as the rest of the Governours in these Parts have granted Commissions for executing the like Hostility against us, and are diligently gathering Forces together to be sent to St. Jago de Cuba, their General Rendezvous and place of Magazine, and from thence as the most opportune place to be transported for a thoro' Invasion and final Conquest (as they hope) of this Island, for the prevention of which their mischievous Intentions, in discharge of the great trust which His Gracious Majesty hath placed in me, I do by virtue of full Power and Authority un such cases from His Royal Highness, James Duke of York, His Majesties Lord High Admiral, derived unto me, and out of the great confidence I have in the good conduct, courage, and fidelity of you the said Henry Morgan to be Admiral and Commander in chief of all the Ships, Barques, and other Vessels now fitted, or which hereafter shall be fitted for the publick Service and defence of this Island, and also of the Officers, Souldiers, and Seamen, which are, or shall be put upon the same, requiring you to use your best endeavours to get the vessels into one Body or Fleet, and to cause them to be well mann'd, fitted, arm'd, and victualled, and by the first opportunity, wind and weather permitting, to put to Sea for the Guard and Defence of this island, and of all vessels trading to or about the same; and in order thereunto to use your best endeavours to surprise, take, sink, disperse, and destroy all the enemies ships or vessels which shall come within your view, and also for preventing the intended Invasion against this place, you are hereby further authorised and required, in the case that you and your Officers in your Judgement find it possible, or feasable to land and attain the said Town of St. Jago de Cuba, or any other place belonging to the Enemies, where you shall be informed that Magazines and Stores for this War are laid up, or where any Rendezvous for their Forces to Imbody are appointed and there to use your best endeavours for the seizing the said Stores, and to take, kill, and disperse the said Forces. And all Officers, Souldiers, and Seamen, who are or shall be belonging to or embarqued upon the said vessels are hereby strictly enjoyned both by Sea and Land, to obey you as their Admiral and Commander in chief of in all things as be cometh them; and you yourself are to observe and follow all such Orders as you shall from time to time received from His most excellent Majesty, his Royal Highness, on myself.
Instructions for Admiral Henry Morgan, Esq., delivered him the 22nd of July, 1670, together with his Commission.
You will with these Instructions receive my Commission which you are enjoyned with all expedition to publish and put in due execution, according to the the full extent and import of the same, for the accomplishing whereof, you shall have all the assistance this can give you
You are to make known to me what strenght you can possibly make, what your wants may be, that on due calculation of both, we may supply you with all possible speed
You are to take notice and advise your Fleet and Souldiers that you are on the old pleasing Account of no purchase no pay, and therefore that all which is got shall bedivised amongst them according to accustomed Rules
In case you shall find it prudential as by your Commission you are directed, to attain St. Jago de Cuba, and God blessing you with victory, you are hereby directed, in case you do it without any considerable hazards, to keep and make good the place and country thereabout, until you have advised me of your success and received my further Orders touching the same, lest your suddenly quitting and their suddenly returning, beget us new work, and put on new charges and hazards for the second defeating
In order to this you are to proclaim mercy and emjoyment of states and liberty of customs to all the Spaniards that will submit and give assurance of their Loyalty to His Majesty, and Liberty to all the Slaves that will come in; and to such as by any good service may deserve the same; you are to give notice that their fugitive Masters' Plantations are to be divided amongst them as rewards for the same & make them sufficient Grants in writing, both for their Liberties and Estates, reserving to the Crown of England the fourth part of the produce to be yearly paid for the yearly maintenance of such Forces as shall defend those parts
In case you find that course to take approveable effect, you are as much as will stand with the same to preserve the Sugarworks and Canes; but if it otherwise appear to you, that in reason you cannot make good the place for any long time, and that the Spaniards and Slaves are deaf to your Proposals, you are then, with all it as a Wilderness, putting the Men-Slaves to the Sword and making the Women-Slaves Prisoners to be brought hither, and sold for the account of your Fleet and Army, such of the men also that cannot speak Spanish, or any new Negro, you may preserve for the same account; or if any Ships to be present to carry them for New England or Virginia, you may send them all on the same account
You are to enquire what usage our Prisoners have had, and what Quarter hath been given by the Enemy to such of ours as have fallen under their power, and being well informed, you are to give the same, or rather as our custom is to exceed in Civility and Humanity, endeavouring by all means to make all sorts of People sensible of your Moderation and good nature, and your inaptitude and loathing to spill the blood of men
You have hereby power to execute Marshall Law, according to such military Laws as have been made by me, and the Laws made by Act of Parliament for the government of the Fleet, which I approve of as fitting for the Service; and hereby authorise you to put them in execution against such as shall offend you, having first published the Laws unto them, that none may pretend ignorance
If any Ship or Ships shall be present, which have not any Commissions, you are hereby impowered to Grant Commissions to them according to the form I have used, taking security of £1,000 for the performance of the same
What Ships in this Expedition you shall keep with you under your Command and them order and dispose for the best improvement of this Service, not suffering the takers or pretenders to sell them until they come into their
In regard many things may happen in this Action which cannot be by me foreseen and provided for in these Instructions, therefore all such matters are left to your well known prudence and conduct, referrinf to you that are in the place to do therein what shall be needful, thus wishing you success and this Island made happy thereby,
I remain your faithful Friend and Servant
The Inventory of Sir Henry Morgan's goods and property
An Inventory and Appraisement of the Goods and Chattels Rights and Credits of the Hon. Sir Hen: Morgan Knt. ...as shown unto us this 19th February 1699
one silver watch
two gold rings with ordinary stones
two plain gold rings
two plain white buttons & 3 plain shoe buckells
a sett of gold buckells and buttons sett with stones
some Emerald disopps ? & a lump of Pomander
one ounce of small poarche ?
one ounce & ies pon:10# wrought gold
mint small token nutts drippt with silver
a parcell of glasses
a parcell of china , too cupps and Camthiowares?
Aparcell of Agatt hafted and officer old kinds
Two brass Horozontal Dyall & small compass
three doz. of worne chain'd Chairs
Fictooned old chairs
a pair of tables
one silk mohaired suite of Curtains lined with Cousain with bold coverlidd & etc.
Joined soaffer codds with coltorrs & etc.
a musketto nett
one flork Bedd & e
five purple Bayos Groinds?
five looking glasses
two inlaid Stripstone?
one plain Stripstone
one inlaid Chest of drawers , table stands & etc.
one Colair Chest drawers
one dressing col. Cabinet & etc.
one hundred twenty hand bound books
a parcell of old charts , mapps & etc.
a parcell of emormous Playos and Phamp cotts
a parcell of sheets and pillow covers
a parcell of diaper table cloths and napkins
a parcell of Damask table cloths and napkins
a parcell of ozanbrigg napkins
a parcell of Damask Diaper & ozanbrigg towells
five side board cloaths
five old cushions
three remnts of Holland
threeyards & 1/2 of Cambrick
Sir Henry's Wairing Linen
two silk night gowns
three old Brawers ?hatts
two pairs of hand gloves
a Barbers & scissors cases and intruments
two prosport glasses & other old things
a parcell of chusts , trinkets and proj
a whett saddle & etc.
a wast Bolt
Twenty ...gunns &19 Can.... balls
three parcells pistolls and three swords
five powder horns
(transcribed from the original which is housed at the Jamaica Archives , Spanish Town , Jamaica
N.B. this is not the complete document only a sample)
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Letters written by Sir Henry Morgan , when he was Lt. Governor of the island of Jamaica , as it regards his fight against Piracy and Privateers.
Morgan to the Earl of Sunderland. Since
writing mine of the 27th January, a ship has arrived with your
Lordship's letter, the King's commission and instructions, and three
treaties for my guidance. I have summoned a Council for Thursday next,
and issued writs for an Assembly to meet on the 18th March next. On
Saturday night I had notice of one Captain James Everson, commander of a
sloop, a notorious privateer, being at anchor with a brigantine which
he had lately taken. I presently secured all the wherries on the Point
and manned a sloop with twenty-four soldiers and thirty-six sailors,
which at midnight sailed from hence, and about noon came up with him in
Bull Bay. Then letting the King's jack fly they boarded him; they
received three musket shot, slightly wounding one man, and returned a
volley killing some and wounding others of the privateers. Everson and
several others jumped overboard and were shot in the sea near the shore.
They then brought her away with twenty-six stout men, whom they brought
last night into this harbour. These are now prisoners on board H.M.S.
Norwich to await trial for their lives. I have issued warrants for the
apprehension of those that escaped, of whom I doubt not to give a good
account. Such is the encouragement which privateers receive from my
favour or the countenance of the Government, whatever the reflections of
the Spanish Ambassador. I present this complaint to your Lordship
against the unchristianlike conduct and unneighbourliness of the
Spaniard, who take all our ships at sea or in port. They have this year
captured twenty-two sail and absolutely ruined our Bay trade. Though not
ordinarily prejudicial to this Colony, this is most detrimental to the
King's customs, as you will perceive from depositions which I have
forwarded to Lord Carlisle. I could multiply them if I chose to
countenance addresses against the Spaniards' inhumanity. We treat them
on all occasions with all imaginable respect and kindness, and in return
receive only ingratitude; they have many English prisoners, we not one
Spanish, and why they should have credit at Whitehall and we want it I
leave to your Lordship. Postscript.—Upon search we could find
nothing like a commission. All Everson's men were English, to the number
of seventy, except six Spaniards. I shall send these last next week to
Carthagena. Signed. Endorsed, "Rec. 29 April." 2 pp. [Col.
Papers, Vol. XLVI., No. 94.]
Sir Henry Morgan to Secretary Jenkins. Your letter of
3rd February arrived here on the 7th instant by Captain Knapman. Thanks
for your friendly intimation of the malicious confederacy to which Lord
Carlisle and I have been exposed in the matter of countenancing pirates
and privateers. The discouragement of them has always been the utmost
endeavour of his Lordship, the Council, and myself. I have put to death,
imprisoned, and transported to the Spaniard for execution all English
and Spanish pirates that I could get within the power of this
Government. I wrote a full account some weeks back to the Lords of Trade
and Plantations, and have since received thanks from several Spanish
Governors in the Main for exerting so much care and vigilance in the
suppression of privateers. Lord Carlisle's earnest endeavours in this
direction were the cause of the loss of H.M.S. Success among the South
Keys in Cuba, which the privateers used for sanctuary. Nothing was
omitted by the Government that tended to carry so good a work into
effect, so far has it been from countenancing them or any other
malefactors at sea or ashore. We have used Spaniards on all occasions
with that respect, despatch, and neighbourly friendship that they have
more reason to be thankful than to complain. Privateers in the West
Indies can be no less easily extirpated than robbers on the King's
highway in England, both being lawless and driven by their respective
necessities till overtaken by punishment. I am most infinitely obliged
to His Majesty for his gracious opinion of my zeal in his service,
particularly in repressing all piracy. I promise my utmost endeavours in
the future, but I would I had some small frigates to cruise about this
Island, without which they will be busy and infest this coast, though
they are prohibited all the ports and all commerce whatsoever with the
inhabitants of the Island. The complaints [against Lord Carlisle and
myself] have risen more from the desire
of men to be popular than from their zeal for the King's service,
valuing themselves on the frequent obstructions they often give it. "God
forgive 'em, I do." Postscript.—The Assembly did little at their
first meeting; they meet after a long adjournment to-morrow. 3 pp.
Endorsed, "Rec. 4 July 1681."
©British history online.com
His Desire to be made Governor of the island of Jamaica , a dream which would never materialize.
"The reasons why a
Lieutenant-Governor cannot serve his Majesty for
Jamaica." (1.) If the excesses that have offended the King grieved the
people and offended the Spainiards have been committed under the Royal
Commission and Instructions, it is high time that these last were
altered. (2.) A Lieutenant-Governor passes for Lord Carlisle's
lieutenant, otherwise he will be as much disobliged as if the title had
been taken from him. (3.) So long as Lord Carlisle keeps the title of
Governor, his dependents, who are the people guilty of the
irregularities, must be continued and countenanced, or his title becomes
no favour. (4.) It seems contrary to reason and a practice for a
Governor here to have a title and no power. (5.) Malice and envy will
easily make it believed that a Lieutenant-Governor without salary is
without credit, a man who will be superseded when he has served his
turn; so he will be less dreaded by pirates, less respected by
Spainiards and less obeyed by the people. (6.) It seems to be the King's
interest to have the affairs of the Government well fixed and settled
without expense to himself or trouble to his ministers, so that he can
send out Lord Carlisle or what great man he likes. (7.) A
hence will not think it worth the risk of
taking his wife or children with him; but those that come without them
to a young Colony are suspected to be come in search of money only. (8.)
A Lieutenant-Governor will hardly get his salary there. Indeed the
people will settle no revenue while they think it will be remitted to
governors in England. (9.) No man will go out with a subaltern title
when it costs him much to make his passage, and he has nothing to expect
at the end. (10.) The hardships of such a case is made clearer by
actual figures, which are given. 2 pp. evidently a copy.
Undated. Probably emanating from Sir Henry Morgan in
deed if not in name. [Col. Papers, Vol. LIV., No. 147.]
Sir Henry Morgan's Family connections and Social relationships in 17th Century Jamaica
- Sir Edward Morgan,
Deputy-Governor of Jamaica 1664, the Brother of Robert Morgan, father of
Sir Henry Morgan, Edward married Anna Petronella, the daughter of Baron
Hans Georg Von Polintz and Anna Petronella Von Hell.
- Maria Elizabeth Morgan, daughter of Sir Edward Morgan, Sir Henry's Uncle. She was also his beloved wife (commonly called Mary Elizabeth).
- Anna Petronella Morgan , sister of Mary Elizabeth and wife to Colonel Robert Byndloss , Sir Henry's best friend.
- Joanna Wilhelmina , another sister and first cousin of Sir Henry , she married the eldest son of Lt. Colonel Henry Archbould sen. of Constant Spring Estate , Colonel Henry Archbould jun.
- Colonel Henry Archbould jun., was the half brother of Colonel James Archbould , the son of Amye Lawes Tom Archbould, second wife of Lt. Colonel Henry Archbould sen. , he was her third husband.
- Colonel William Archbould , second son of Lt. Colonel Henry Archbould by his first wife Elizabeth , was one of Sir Henry's good friends and my direct ancestor (the genealogist that is). He married Mary Gillart , the daughter of Lewis Gillart and Judith Cotte , the daughter of Samuel Cotte and Judith Bauche , all were French Huguenots, fleeing persecution from the Catholic Monarch's of France. Lewis or Louis Gillart was a very wealthy Swiss French Merchant who became a naturalized denizen of England in or around November 1656 along with his younger brother , Claudius Gillart , both became long standing residents of the city of Rye in Sussex county , England and have spawned many a descendant in that country and around the world.
- Sir Nicholas Lawes , Governor of Jamaica 1718-22 , was the half brother of Colonel James Archbould , the Eminent Member of Council and step - son of the influential Lt. Colonel Henry Archbould sen. , himself one of the first Councilors of the Island of Jamaica in 1660 as well as an officer who served under the invasion force which took the island from the Spanish in 1655. He was later raised to the rank of Colonel , however most researchers refer to him as Lt. Colonel to distinguish him from his eldest son.
- James Archbould married Elizabeth Lassells , the sister of the Honorable Charles Lassells.
- Capt. Charles Morgan , son of Sir Edward Morgan , Sir Henry's first cousin and friend, was for a time in charge of all the fortifications on the island ,"May 27th 1680 Certificates of Lord Vaughan concerning Captain
Charles Morgan, that he
served as Captain of Fort Charles, Commissary of
Ordnance, and Commander of all other forts and fortifications in
as Captain in the Regiment of Port Royal, in all of which he served with
deportment of a prudent, discreet, and sober officer, from 1st November
Lord Vaughn's departure from the Island, 14th March 1678.
A similar certificate from Lord Carlisle, only with dates
altered to 18th July 1676 and 27th May 1680. Copies. [Col.
See Addenda Volume.] ", and appointed Secretary of the Secretaries office on attaining the age of maturity as promised to his father by Sir Thomas Modyford ,however he too fell victim to Sir Thomas Lynch's various persecution's of the Morgan's and went back to England where he died in or about 1680's.
- Sir Thomas Modyford , Governor of Jamaica 1664-71 was Sir Henry's lifelong friend and constant supporter , they even shared a stay together in the tower of London, courtesy of King Charles II on charges of treason and piracy. Both men were later freed of all charges and returned to the island . Sir Thomas Modyford was buried in the churchyard of the Spanish Town Cathedral, where it can still be found today.
- Christopher Monck, Duke of Albermarle , Governor of Jamaica in 1687-8, was a great friend to Sir Henry , he restored the old buccaneer to all his former state positions after having them taken away from him by Governor Lynch 1682-84.
- Governor Sir Thomas Lynch's first wife Vere was Sir Henry's matrilineal cousin as she was a descendant of the Herbert's , it was her name which graced the parish of Vere, in present-day Southern Clarendon. Sir Thomas was a longstanding adversary of the ole buccaneer and constantly
looked for ways to destroy him every chance he got. Thomas Lynch's second wife Mary , was the sister of Susanna Temple , the wife of Sir Nicholas Lawes and mother of his two sons , James and Temple Lawes , the step-son and step-grandsons of Lt Col. Henry Archbould, the father in law of Johanna Wilhelmina Morgan.
- Charles Howard , Earl of Carlisle , was Governor of the island from 1678-80 , it was under his name that Sir Henry Morgan would serve as Lieutenant- Governor from 1680-82
- As a Further note : Sir Henry Morgan died childless and has no known descendants. However his female first cousins, the daughters of Sir Edward have spawned many a descendant. Both Charles and his younger brother Hans Jorien Morgan , the sons of Sir Edward , both died childless as well.
Coming soon a complete list of the desendants of the Morgan sisters in Jamaica , from the mid 1600's to the early 1800's
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